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Delhi, Energy Power, News, Renewable, Solar
Efforts are on to make Indian Railways the first Green Railways in the world in the next 10 years with steps like setting up solar energy installations on its unutilised land, electrification of tracks and moving to bio-diesel, Minister Piyush Goyal told Rajya Sabha. 

Replying to supplementaries during the Question Hour, he said there was no proposal at present to change Railway fares, after the recent hike in diesel costs due to increased excise duty in the general budget. 
The minister said the Railways had set the target of 100 per cent electrification of its tracks by 2022. 

He informed the House that Railways was reducing its diesel cost inputs by electrifying its tracks on a large scale and will also produce solar energy on its vacant land. 
“Probably 10 years from now, can we make Indian Railways the world’s first 100 per cent Green Rail,” he said announcing that this was yet another ambitious plan and efforts may take some time to fructify. 

“We are trying to see how we can expand the solar energy on all the unutilised land of the Railways across the country, as it will save the land from encroachments. We are trying to produce power from such solar installations and feed that into the grid and use that for the Railways,” he said. 

Responding to criticism by members about “grand announcements” made by the minister, Goyal said, “Unless you aspire for big goals, you cannot achieve big targets”. 
He said the Railways was fast electrifying its tracks and was regularly bringing its diesel inputs down. 

“By 2022, we are going to do full electrification of Railways,” Minister of State for Railways Angadi Suresh Channabasappa said. 
In response to another supplementary on whether the Railways intends to raise its fares, Goyal said there is no such proposal now. 

“At present, there is no proposal to change the fares,” he said. 
The minister said during 2013-14, the Railways has electrified 650 kms of track, while in 2017-18 it has electrified 4,000 plus kms and in 2018-19 Railways has electrified over 5200 kms. 

“We aspire for big targets and this year’s targets are even bigger than last year,” he said. 

He said while the Railways will move towards complete electrification, there will still be some tracks like in border areas and in narrow gauge where it will continue to use diesel. 

“We are also working towards use of bio-diesel instead of diesel on such tracks,” he said. 

But, there will still be requirement of diesel for border areas, or narrow gauge line, where “we are making an effort to move from diesel to bio-diesel or environmentally friendly materials”, Goyal said. 

Both these moves will be transformational in terms of impact of climate change that Railways contributes, he noted. 

He said when he became a minister, 50 per cent trains coming to Delhi also were running on diesel and “we are now working to a plan that every train that comes to Delhi should come through an electric traction in the very near future”. 

In his written reply, the minister said, as per the latest Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas statistics published by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas for 2017-18, Indian Railways is the third largest consuming sector of high speed diesel (HSD) after resellers/retailers and road sector. Consumer wise data is not available in this publication. 

“Diesel fuel bill for traction has been around 20 per cent of ordinary working expenses in the year 2013-14. It is between 14 to 15 per cent from the year 2015-16 to 2018-19 (provisional figures) and there has been no significant variation in this period. 

“It is expected to remain in the same zone during 2019 -20 as per budgetary estimate,” the minister said 

Source :-    economictimes.indiatimes.com
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Delhi, Energy Power, Solar
The city’s much-needed push for solar energy could be just around the corner with Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission (DERC) finally notifying the group net metering (GNM) and virtual net metering (VNM) framework, which will benefit thousands of RWAs, households and CGHS societies. 

delhi Solar Plant
Users will be able to benefit from a single solar plant at one location with the surplus energy being sent back to the grid and adjusted with the bill of each meter connected to it. This will, in theory, allow members of a society and consumers to reduce their monthly bills. 

After the Delhi solar policy was issued in 2016, the power watchdog had constituted a committee for developing this framework and issued draft guidelines under DERC (Net Metering for Renewable Energy) Regulations, 2014 last year. The framework has finally been notified after objections and comments were collected from the general public by January 2019. 

“The move will help in the promotion and deployment of renewable energy projects in residential and agricultural sectors benefitting lakhs of citizens and farmers. At present, we have about 630 net metering connections and this number will shoot up once we implement the order. We are in the process of making changes in the billing mechanism to implement it,” said a Tata Power-DDL spokesperson. 
BSES said consumers can apply for net metering on their website. “We had earlier launched a Solar City Initiative to bridge the gap between the consumer and the vendor. Post-installation, BSES will carry out an inspection to assess the quality and check whether it has been done according to the minimum technical requirements,” said a BSES official. 

At present, Tata Power NSE 4.30 % has around 630 net-metered connections with a capacity of 25 MW, while BSES has 1,600 with a capacity of 60 MW. According to BSES, a 100kW plant can save up to 1,27,750 units annually equalling annual savings of Rs 9.26 lakh. A 5KW plant can bring annual savings of Rs 46,300. 

The discoms said that to apply for the project, people can simply contact them after which a feasibility test would be carried out and bills assessed to find out the requirement for a household or colony. “Depending on the consumption and the bill amount, we will be able to decide on the solar panel capacity. Different CGHS societies are thriving with solar panels capacities ranging from 50kW to 200kW,” said a BSES official. 

Vendors said the amount invested in a solar panel can be recovered in the form of savings in just 5-6 years. “This is a safe estimate and the actual invested amount is recovered in close to four years. There are immense benefits to go solar as the product is a long-term investment,” said Abhishek Dabas, co-founder at Zolt Energy, a private solar-panel supplying company. 

Sanjeev Aggarwal, MD and CEO of Amplus Solar, said the risk in investment is generally low and savings can be as high as 90% of the total bill, depending on the plant size and consumption pattern. “On average, a 5kWp standard rooftop installation will cost Rs 3-4 lakh. If one opts for subsidy, they can avail 30% of the plant cost from MNRE through the state nodal agency,” he added. 

However, Pujarini Sen, a campaigner at Greenpeace India, said the notification process has taken far too long to allow people to avail subsidies for solar plants. “The important thing now is to make the consumers aware about it and facilitate it, especially at the residential level. Once popular, the load on the grid and electricity bills will reduce, benefitting both the consumer and the discoms,” she added. 

Source : – Solar power can save you Rs 46,000 in yearly bill 
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