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Delhi, Energy Power, News, Renewable, Solar, Solar Panel, solar parks

Move comes amid heightened border tensions with China

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday launched a solar power plant with the aim to stop reliance on imports from neighbors China and Pakistan

The 750-megawatt power plant in the central state of Madhya Pradesh is being dubbed as the largest in Asia by local media.

The project is expected to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 1.5 million tons each year.

“Several steps are being taken to increase domestic manufacturing and it has been decided that government’s departments and institutions will only buy domestically manufactured solar cells and modules,” said Modi, in the wake of recent border tensions with China.

China is a major exporting nation of solar equipment to India. However, border clashes last month which resulted in the killing of 20 Indian troops have triggered a trade war between the two Asian giants.

In the virtual launch of the Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Power Project, Modi highlighted that India’s progress in the field of solar energy will garner international interest.

“Hopefully very soon India will be a major exporter of power. The International Solar Alliance was launched with the motive to unite the entire world in terms of solar energy.”

The project is a step toward India’s ambitious target of installing 175 gigawatts of renewable energy by the year 2022.

Source : – https://www.aa.com.tr/en/asia-pacific/india-launches-solar-power-plant-to-stop-china-imports/1906032

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Delhi, News, Renewable, Solar, Solar Inverter, solar parks, Tender

REMCL has issued a tender on behalf of the Indian Railways for setting up of 1 GW ground-mounted solar plants on railway land along the railway tracks.

The Railway Energy Management Company Limited (REMCL) – a JV of the Ministry of Railways and RITES Ltd, has issued a tender on behalf of the Indian Railways for setting up of 1 GW ground-mounted solar power plants on railway land along the railway tracks pan India.

The last date for submission of responses to the Request for Qualification (RFQ) and the Request for Proposal (RfP) is September 2, 2020. The RFQ responses will be opened on the same date i.e. September 2, 2020. The date and time of opening of the RfP responses and the e-reverse auction will be intimated later.

A pre-bid meeting has been scheduled for July 30, 2020, to address the concerns raised by the prospective bidders.

To be eligible for participating in the bidding process, the bidders must have, over the last three financial years, have paid for, or received payments of at least one land-based solar PV project for a minimum value of 35 percent of the total quoted capacity in MW.  And, the bidder must have received contractual payments in the previous three financial years and the current financial year up to the date of opening of tender, of at least 150 percent of the estimated cost for the total capacity quoted by the tenderer.

The scope of work for the selected project developers will broadly include the design, build, finance, operation, long– term maintenance and transfer of assets for solar PV project and the supply of electricity to Railways under long-term fixed-rate PPA. The developers will have a period of 420 days to complete the work on the project.

As per the tender, the bidders are required to submit one consolidated bid and indicate the project capacity offered and the name of the package (state-wise) for which it proposes to bid. The bidder may quote for one package or more than one package. However, the bidder has to quote for the complete project capacity for a package.

The Project should be Make in India compliant. The DCR requirement for Solar Panel shall be as defined in Cl. No. 1.89 of Definitions and for other items like Inverter/ Converter, cable, etc the Govt. of India guidelines issued by the Ministry of Commerce.

At the back end of April, RITES limited had issued a tender for setting up of 1 GW of land-based solar photovoltaic (PV) power projects on land owned by the Indian Railways. The scope of work for the selected bidders will include (but not be limited to) design, procurement, installation, supply, testing and commissioning of the grid-connected solar power projects on various zonal railways land across India. The developers will have a period of 390 days from the date of issuance of the letter of award to complete the work on the project.

Source :- https://www.saurenergy.com/solar-energy-news/railways-tender-for-setting-up-1-gw-solar-projects-along-the-tracks

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Energy Power, News, Renewable, Solar, Solar Inverter, solar parks

One of the most significant problems that Indians face throughout the country is power cuts.

Using generators or home inverters is one way of ensuring that your office or home receives continuous power.

Generators can be cumbersome to use and are noisy appliances, as well. It also consumes a lot of fuel.

Home inverters have their limitations, especially when it comes to managing loads.

Installing a Solar energy plant is an ideal solution under such circumstances.

Fortunately, India is blessed with abundant sunshine, with most of the places getting more than 300 days of bright sunshine.

Secondly, solar energy is available for free. Therefore, harnessing this natural source of renewable energy should be the ideal solution to the power shortage problems that India faces today.

  • Installing a Solar Photovoltaic (Solar PV) system can address the issue of power cuts efficiently.
  • Here are the benefits of installing solar PV systems for generating electricity for your domestic and commercial needs.
  • Installing a solar PV system is a one-time investment.
  • The system requires minimal maintenance while providing a continuous supply of electricity to the household or commercial establishment.
  • The principal raw material, i.e., sunlight, is available for free. Your solar PV system harnesses this free natural resource for producing electricity.
  • Apart from generating electricity, this system also helps to reduce your consumption, thereby helping you to manage your electricity bills.
  • The modern-day solar PV system can also supply electricity to the primary grid, whereby you become a generator of electricity rather than being a consumer. It helps the respective states to meet their power supply shortfall.
  • The Government of India has introduced subsidies, thereby encouraging people to use solar energy for their electricity consumption.
  • The household gets a continuous supply of electricity. There are provisions to store the electricity generated in a battery that is connected to a home inverter. Therefore, your dependence on the primary grid for your electricity supply reduces drastically.

A Solar PV system comprises the following elements.

Photovoltaic ArrayBattery BankPower Conditioning UnitDC and AC DisconnectThe central panel (AC)Electric Meter

In this article, we shall discuss solar PV panels and understand the factors that one should look for when purchasing them. This buying guide will help in understanding the concept of solar PV panels.

Why do you install solar panels?

Generally, people install solar PV systems for the following three reasons in India.

Compensate for the power cuts and reduce the overall electricity consumption from the primary grid

Store excess power generated in batteries for use when solar energy is not available
Inspired by neighborhoods

The concept of supplying power to the primary network is not yet available on a large scale in India.

States like Tamilnad, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka have started implementing the concept of net metering. However, it is yet to gain popularity.

Solar PV Systems – Different types

Generally, there are two types of solar systems in India.

Off-grid Solar System

Here, the solar system does not connect to the primary grid. The solar system comprises solar panels, mounting structures, inverter, power back-up, and the central AC panel.

This system works independently of the network. It enables the storing of energy in the battery banks that can be used to supply current to the household using the domestic inverter.

Such solar systems are in place where the main electric power supply is unreliable. These systems have great use in areas witnessing acute power cuts.

On-grid solar system

The on-grid solar system works along with the primary grid. This system does not need to store electricity in battery banks.

It is generally handy when your overall electricity consumption is high.

Using the solar system for your electricity needs during the day reduces the total consumption from the primary grid. Thus, you end up saving on your utility bills.

Hybrid Solar System

There is a third type of solar system known as the Hybrid solar system. It is a combination of the off-grid and the on-grid solar systems.

This system uses battery banks and inverters like the off-grid systems. The beauty of the hybrid solar system is that it connects to the grid, as well.

Thus, it ensures an uninterrupted supply of power even during power cuts at night. The energy stored in the batteries come handy under such circumstances.

This system is such that you might not need the electricity from the primary grid during the day, as solar energy can take care of your needs.

At night, the energy that is stored in the batteries can take over. Therefore, you might even end up having surplus power that you can supply to the primary grid.

However, you should have a net metering system if you wish to provide power to the network. This system enables you to save the maximum amount of power and money, as well.

Types of Photo Voltaic panels

Generally, there are three types of photovoltaic panels, of which the first two named ones are the most commonly in use in India.

Mono-Crystalline Panel

Mono-crystalline solar cells are made of single-crystal polysilicon. In the manufacturing of the cells for mono-crystalline panels, silicon is formed into bars and cut into wafers.

This type of panel has the highest efficiency. At the same time, they are the most expensive, as well.

Poly Crystalline or Multi Crystalline Panels

This type of solar PV panels is made from multiple, small silicon crystals. The method of manufacturing the poly-crystalline panels require the melting of fragments of silicon to form wafers.

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Energy Power, Solar, Solar Panel

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s aggressive push for ‘Make in India’ to bolster domestic manufacturing and make it’s economy ‘self-reliant’ in the post-pandemic era is a welcome opportunity for India’s solar energy sector. Supply disruptions from China due to coronavirus outbreak and subsequent shortage of solar components and modules have impacted India’s ambitious energy target of achieving 100 GW of solar capacity by 2022.

However, despite making significant progress in solar power generation since 2014 and emerging as the world’s third-largest solar market, India’s domestic solar equipment manufacturing industry has not been able to capitalize on the opportunity. India imports 80 percent of components from China required for its solar energy production. This raises an important question: does India have the core competence, capital and capacity required to offer domestic manufacturing of solar at a scale that could substitute for its massive imports?

India is energy deficient. According to the World Bank, 200 million people in India still lack access to electricity. India’s energy consumption is set to grow 4.2% a year by 2035 -faster among all major economies. Its share of global energy demand is expected to double- from 5% in 2016 to 11% -by 2040. As the dependence on non-fossil fuel sources such as coal and oil is projected to decrease significantly by 2030, low-carbon sources, led by solar photovoltaics (PV) is expected to meet more than half of the new increased energy demand. Moreover, India under its climate action commitment has pledged to generate 40% of its power from non-fossil sources by 2030. Yet, while India’s annual demand for solar cell manufacturing is 20 GW, its current average annual capacity is just 3 GW. Therefore, any further delay in domestic solar manufacturing and production will have severe ramifications for the country’s energy security and economy.

While India’s annual demand for solar cell manufacturing is 20 GW, its current average annual capacity is just 3 GW. Therefore, any further delay in domestic solar manufacturing and production will have severe ramifications for the country’s energy security and economy.

There is an urgent need, therefore, for India to devise a policy framework aimed at creating a diversified domestic manufacturing industry for a solar module as well as ancillary products, that could significantly reduce its import dependence, ensure a self-sufficient, sustainable and affordable energy access and generate greater employment opportunities.

India was one of the largest exporters of the best-in-class modules until 2011, with domestic manufacturers, including Bhel, Tata Solar, Moser Baer, Indosolar, and Lanco, pioneering the industry.  However, the lack of consistent government policy and financial support to match the scale, quality, and low price of Chinese imports, have undercut the growth of India’s solar technology and manufacturing. An aggressive strategy for the long-term development of the industry in line with the National Solar Mission that addresses price competitiveness, profitability, feasible finance, and capacity gaps is an immediate imperative. The sustainable domestic manufacturing industry can save USD 42 billion in equipment imports by 2030, provide equipment supply security, and create 50,000 direct and 125,000 indirect jobs in the next 5 years.

Solar cell manufacturing process is a technology and capital intensive. In the value chain of solar PV manufacturing that involves polysilicon, wafer, cell and module assembly, most Indian companies are engaged in later processes of module assembly. India’s has no technological expertise in capital intensive processes of silicon and ingot production. With 246 patents, India’s competence in solar technologies remains critically low as compared to leading solar manufacturing country China with 39,784 patents. There are incremental changes in technology at frequent intervals in the process of manufacturing, that require capital and know-how to absorb. As the cost of acquiring technology is high, India must incentivize and step up its own research and development of cost-effective, indigenous, next-generation solar panel manufacturing technology.

Solar cell manufacturing process is technology and capital intensive. In the value chain of solar PV manufacturing that involves polysilicon, wafer, cell and module assembly, most Indian companies are engaged in later processes of module assembly. India’s has no technological expertise in capital intensive processes of silicon and ingot production

As the process of manufacturing demands a multi-tiered workforce with specialized skill sets such as design and manufacturing engineers, building system specialists, modelers, and assembly line workers, analyzing skill gaps at each level of the value chain and devising focused capacity building measures will be a key step. While MNRE’s National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) is engaged in R&D, testing, certification, and skill development, it remains focused on solar energy generation. A joint collaboration between NISE and leading technical education institutions such as IITs, ITI, Council of Indian Scientific Research, National Skill Development Council could help develop skill development programs particularly focused on building India’s solar manufacturing capacity.

However, any attempt to set up solar manufacturing facilities would entail high upfront costs. In India, a major financial disadvantage for setting up of industries is the high rate of interest. The cost of debt in India is 11% or highest in the Asia-Pacific region, compared to 5% in China. Setting up a specialized financing institution on the lines of IREDA that can invest in equity or debt of domestic solar manufacturing companies and support guarantees for debt taken from other financial institutions will open up new sources of financing for the manufacturing industry.

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan has certainly opened up a huge opportunity for India’s solar ambition. However, it is also time for the government to implement the urgently-required reforms on the ground!

Source: https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/why-india-needs-to-nudge-domestic-manufacturing-for-solar-industry-67388/

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Energy Power, Solar, Solar Inverter, Solar Panel, solar parks

With this, the carmaker’s total solar power capacity has increased to 6.3 MW. The plant—developed in ‘carport’ style—will cover an area of 32,985 square meters and work as a roof for the cars parked underneath in addition to meeting the internal energy requirements of the Gurugram facility.

India’s leading carmaker Maruti Suzuki has announced commissioning of a 5 MW ‘captive’ solar power plant at its Gurugram facility in the state of Haryana.

The plant—set up with an investment of more than Rs 200 million—is developed in carport style covering an area of 32,985 square meters. While the solar panels generate clean energy, these will work as a roof for the cars parked underneath. The power generated from the solar power plant will be used to meet the internal energy needs of the Gurugram facility.

The solar power project will produce 7,010 MWH of power annually and offset 5,390 tonnes of CO2 emissions annually, for the next 25 years.

This is the second grid-based solar power plant for Maruti Suzuki, which had set up its first solar power plant of 1 MW at the Manesar facility in 2014. The Manesar solar power plant was further expanded to 1.3 MW in the year 2018. With the latest project, Maruti Suzuki’s total solar power capacity has increased to 6.3 MW.

Talking about the company’s green initiatives, Kenichi Ayukawa, Managing Director and CEO, Maruti Suzuki India Limited, said in a company statement, “We are committed to enhancing sustainable manufacturing and to achieve self-sufficiency in many of our functions. The new solar power plant will complement our efforts to adopt environment-friendly technologies and lower the carbon footprint. We are consistently exploring new ways to harness the abundantly available clean resources and implement them in our business operations.”

Source: https://www.pv-magazine-india.com/2020/06/08/maruti-suzuki-commissions-5-mw-solar-power-plant-in-gurugram

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